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On hearing the word politics, what usually springs to mind are images of government, politicians and their policies or more negatively the idea of corruption and dirty tricks. The actual definition seems to have been obscured and almost lost by such representations and clichés that tend not to pinpoint the true essence, which defines this thing, called politics. In order to make an attempt at a definition of politics, a systematic approach is required.
The word politics comes from the Greek word "polis", meaning the state or community as a whole. The concept of the "polis" was an ideal state and came from the writings of great political thinkers such as Plato and Aristotle.

Government is the regulation of public affairs, and politics is the means by which people determine whose views of government will prevail. Politics itself is a mixture of the high and the low. It is the realm in which we attempt to realize some of our highest aspirations: our desire for political freedom, our longing for justice and our hope for peace and security. At the same time, politics is laced with individuals and groups seeking their selfish interests at the expense of others. It is the practice and theory of influencing other people on a global, civic or individual level. 

Furthermore, politics is the study or practice of the distribution of power and resources within a given community as well as the interrelationship between communities. A variety of methods are employed in politics, which include promoting one's own political views among people, negotiation with other political subjects, making laws, and exercising force, including warfare against adversaries.

A political system is a framework which defines acceptable political methods within a given society. Certain members of a society must have the authority over other members in order to enforce civil discussion. It seems to follow that for certain individuals to exert more power than others they must have the support of a large proportion over those which they have authority. Going back to the premise that man is at heart a selfish creature, it must be true that even those in power are immune to the effects of pursuing their own goals to a certain extent. Politics could, therefore, be defined as a power struggle between those in influential positions. Power can only be obtained by obtaining the support from as many groups and individuals as possible. This can be achieved by providing tempting solutions to conflicts that already exist in a society, whether this is in an honest or dishonest way. The history of politics is reflected in the origin, development, and economics of the institutions of government.

Political emancipation basically is an expression applied to illustrate the different effort to access political rights or equality, generally for a distinctively disenfranchised collection, or more commonly in the debate of such matters.
The term emancipation was often applied in political matters of the 18th as well as 19th-century political discourse, as in Catholic or Jewish liberation movements, even while female suffrage was the main aim of women's emancipation movements. Emancipation is any of various efforts to procuring political rights or equality, often for a specifically disenfranchised group, or more generally in discussion of such matters. "Political emancipation" as a phrase is less common in modern usage, especially outside academic, foreign or activist contexts. However, similar concepts may be referred to by other terms. For instance, in the United States the civil rights movement culminating in the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Voting Rights Act of 1965, and the Fair Housing Act of 1968 can be seen as the further realization of events such as the Emancipation Proclamation and abolition of slavery a century earlier. Emancipation ends the legal authority that a parent has over a child who is under 18. After emancipation, your parent doesn’t have to take care of you or pay for things that you need. Emancipation changes your life. You will have some new rights and also some new responsibilities. The emancipation may be express—pursuant to a voluntary agreement between parent and child—or implied from conduct that denotes consent. It may be absolute or conditional, total or partial. A partial emancipation disengages a child for only a portion of the period of minority, or from only a particular aspect of the parent's rights or duties. There is no determinate age when a child becomes emancipated; it usually, but not automatically, occurs upon the attainment of the age of majority.

On contrary, the public sphere is an area in social life where individuals can come together to freely discuss and identify societal problems, and through that discussion influence political action. It is a discursive space in which individuals and groups congregate to discuss matters of mutual interest and, where possible, to reach a common judgment. The public sphere can be seen as a theater in modern societies in which political participation is enacted through the medium of talk" and a realm of social life in which public opinion can be formed. The private sphere is the complement or opposite to the public sphere. The private sphere is a certain sector of societal life in which an individual enjoys a degree of authority, unhampered by interventions from governmental or other institutions. Examples of the private sphere are family and home.

Resource become a base for being influential and popular. Hence, they are anything that can be used to influence an outcome. Resources are used, but it is not power itself. Resources are distributed unequally. “Power resources” is used to describe any resources used in the exercise of power. Political resources are resources used in political decision-making, or for all areas of social life that make claims toward a legislative/decision-making body (from school-boards to national government). Political inequality refers to structured differences in the distribution and acquisition of political resources. Power is an attribute of people.

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Written By Ronit Borpujari

Vivid writer, active traveller and a media professional. Currently working in the marketing sector. Looking to inspire and get inspired!

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